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drop primary key,not null,unique,default and check constraints from columns in a table
 
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This video explains how to drop primary key,not null,unique,default and check constraints with or without constraint name in a table link to HOW to add constraint while creating table: https:// https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=dh_UKs-LnK8 link to how to add new columns with constraints : https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=UNAatxnnwB8 link to how to add constraints to existing column https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=02_fXRQpwSc how to drop all constraints on the table: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=CM7FPqIr6gc subscribe - https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCNl7...
Views: 1724 kwl zerotwonine
SQL: Default Constraint
 
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In this tutorial, you'll learn how to make use of default constraint PL/SQL (Procedural Language/Structured Query Language) is Oracle Corporation's procedural extension for SQL and the Oracle relational database. PL/SQL is available in Oracle Database (since version 7), TimesTen in-memory database (since version 11.2.1), and IBM DB2 (since version 9.7).[1] Oracle Corporation usually extends PL/SQL functionality with each successive release of the Oracle Database. PL/SQL includes procedural language elements such as conditions and loops. It allows declaration of constants and variables, procedures and functions, types and variables of those types, and triggers. It can handle exceptions (runtime errors). Arrays are supported involving the use of PL/SQL collections. Implementations from version 8 of Oracle Database onwards have included features associated with object-orientation. One can create PL/SQL units such as procedures, functions, packages, types, and triggers, which are stored in the database for reuse by applications that use any of the Oracle Database programmatic interfaces. PL/SQL works analogously to the embedded procedural languages associated with other relational databases. For example, Sybase ASE and Microsoft SQL Server have Transact-SQL, PostgreSQL has PL/pgSQL (which emulates PL/SQL to an extent), and IBM DB2 includes SQL Procedural Language,[2] which conforms to the ISO SQL’s SQL/PSM standard. The designers of PL/SQL modeled its syntax on that of Ada. Both Ada and PL/SQL have Pascal as a common ancestor, and so PL/SQL also resembles Pascal in several aspects. However, the structure of a PL/SQL package does not resemble the basic Object Pascal program structure as implemented by a Borland Delphi or Free Pascal unit. Programmers can define public and private global data-types, constants and static variables in a PL/SQL package.[3] PL/SQL also allows for the definition of classes and instantiating these as objects in PL/SQL code. This resembles usage in object-oriented programming languages like Object Pascal, C++ and Java. PL/SQL refers to a class as an "Abstract Data Type" (ADT) or "User Defined Type" (UDT), and defines it as an Oracle SQL data-type as opposed to a PL/SQL user-defined type, allowing its use in both the Oracle SQL Engine and the Oracle PL/SQL engine. The constructor and methods of an Abstract Data Type are written in PL/SQL. The resulting Abstract Data Type can operate as an object class in PL/SQL. Such objects can also persist as column values in Oracle database tables. PL/SQL is fundamentally distinct from Transact-SQL, despite superficial similarities. Porting code from one to the other usually involves non-trivial work, not only due to the differences in the feature sets of the two languages,[4] but also due to the very significant differences in the way Oracle and SQL Server deal with concurrency and locking. There are software tools available that claim to facilitate porting including Oracle Translation Scratch Editor,[5] CEITON MSSQL/Oracle Compiler [6] and SwisSQL.[7] The StepSqlite product is a PL/SQL compiler for the popular small database SQLite. PL/SQL Program Unit A PL/SQL program unit is one of the following: PL/SQL anonymous block, procedure, function, package specification, package body, trigger, type specification, type body, library. Program units are the PL/SQL source code that is compiled, developed and ultimately executed on the database. The basic unit of a PL/SQL source program is the block, which groups together related declarations and statements. A PL/SQL block is defined by the keywords DECLARE, BEGIN, EXCEPTION, and END. These keywords divide the block into a declarative part, an executable part, and an exception-handling part. The declaration section is optional and may be used to define and initialize constants and variables. If a variable is not initialized then it defaults to NULL value. The optional exception-handling part is used to handle run time errors. Only the executable part is required. A block can have a label. Package Packages are groups of conceptually linked functions, procedures, variables, PL/SQL table and record TYPE statements, constants, cursors etc. The use of packages promotes re-use of code. Packages are composed of the package specification and an optional package body. The specification is the interface to the application; it declares the types, variables, constants, exceptions, cursors, and subprograms available. The body fully defines cursors and subprograms, and so implements the specification. Two advantages of packages are: Modular approach, encapsulation/hiding of business logic, security, performance improvement, re-usability. They support object-oriented programming features like function overloading and encapsulation. Using package variables one can declare session level (scoped) variables, since variables declared in the package specification have a session scope.
Views: 5195 radhikaravikumar
SQL tutorials 17: SQL Primary Key constraint,  Drop primary Key
 
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Blog link: http://www.rebellionrider.com/sql-primary-key.htm SQL tutorial on Primary key / SQL Primary key, In this tutorial you will learn about simple primary key, composute primary key, how to drop primary key. defining primary key using create table and alter table along with many other things. Tool used in this tutorial is SQL Developer. This tutorial series is part of SQL expert exam certification training. if you are preparing for SQL certification you can use my tutorials. This SQL Tutorial is a part of free training. Copy Cloud referral link || Use this link to join copy cloud and get 20GB of free storage https://copy.com?r=j7eYO7 Contacts E-Mail [email protected] Twitter https://twitter.com/rebellionrider Instagram http://instagram.com/rebellionrider Facebook. https://www.facebook.com/imthebhardwaj Linkedin. http://in.linkedin.com/in/mannbhardwaj/ Thanks for linking, commenting, sharing and watching more of our videos This is Manish from RebellionRider.com So Primary Key There are two types of Primary keys First is Simple primary Key: Primary key which Involves only one column and Second is Composite Primary Key: Primary Key which involves more than one column. We will start with Simple primary key. You can create Primary key either with Create Table statement of by using Alter table Statement. Let's define simple primary key using create table statements. With create table statement we can either define primary key at column level or at table level. We will start with defining Primary key at column level using create table statement. You just have to put keyword Primary key after data type and size of column while defining a column of a table. Here oracle server will create a primary key on product id with default constraint name which will be slightly difficult to understand. You can give your own name to your constraint which is also a good practice.
Views: 95667 Manish Sharma
SQL with Oracle 10g XE - Using ALTER TABLE to Modify Table Columns
 
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In this video I use the ALTER TABLE command to modify an existing field column. The command will allow you to change the data types, whether the field can be null, or even the primary key. When using the ALTER TABLE command you would use the keyword MODIFY to make changes to an existing column. Be careful when changing a data type of the null field as existing data may cause an error if not in compliance with the new change. The code I used to alter the Books table is : ALTER TABLE BOOKS MODIFY ISBN_10 VARCHAR(13); This video is part of a series of videos with the purpose of learning the SQL language. For more information visit Lecture Snippets at http://lecturesnippets.com.
Views: 15192 Lecture Snippets
Oracle SQL Tutorial 13 - How to Add Column Constraints (Attributes)
 
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So far, we have this table declaration: CREATE TABLE users( user_id NUMBER, username VARCHAR(50 CHAR) first_name VARCHAR2(50 CHAR), last_name VARCHAR2(50 CHAR) ) We can run this command see that it works. As we are learning though, we are going to want to be able to recreate our table with different settings and such, but if you try to run this command, it will complain that the table already exists. So we first need to delete this table before we start editing settings. When we get more experienced, we will learn about ways to edit the structure of a table that already exists. To fix this, we can get rid of the table using the DROP TABLE command: DROP TABLE users You can run this every time if you need to practice by adding a semicolon after it. This is how you can tell Oracle that you are putting in another command after it. This is known as a delimiter. When you run the script, it is going to run both commands. Now we can go through and reconsider our table structure. This is fine for starting out because we don't have any important data in our database, but once your database is in production you are not going to want to just drop tables. In the last video we discussed different constraints that you can apply to columns in a database table, but how do you actually apply these when you are creating a table? The first way you define constraints is to put them right after the column in your CREATE TABLE statement. CREATE TABLE users( username VARCHAR2(50 CHAR) NOT NULL ) When we define constraints this way, we usually say we are adding column attributes. If you have two constraints you want to add, you just put one after the other with spaces in between. There is no particular order that is required. CREATE TABLE users( username VARCHAR2(50 CHAR) NOT NULL UNIQUE ) In this situation we have already given the column the NOT NULL and UNIQUE attributes, so we should consider making this a primary key: CREATE TABLE users( username VARCHAR2(50 CHAR) PRIMARY KEY ) As you can see, adding column attributes is super easy. We can add a default like this: CREATE TABLE users( username VARCHAR2(50 CHAR) PRIMARY KEY, account_balance NUMBER DEFAULT 0 ) Note that now we need the comma after the first row. There are a few constraints we did not talk go through an example, specifically foreign keys and check constraints. We will be adding these constraints to our database in future videos. In the mean time, I have a thought for you… Many people prefer to name their column constraints. That way, we can refer to certain constraints by name. For example, we might have a primary key constraint that could be named users_pk. The way we are creating these constraints does not allow for this feature, so in the next video we are going to be discussing different ways to create constraints. ~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~ Support me on Patreon! http://www.patreon.com/calebcurry Subscribe to my newsletter: http://bit.ly/JoinCCNewsletter Donate!: http://bit.ly/DonateCTVM2. ~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~Additional Links~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~ More content: http://CalebCurry.com Facebook: http://www.facebook.com/CalebTheVideoMaker Google+: https://plus.google.com/+CalebTheVideoMaker2 Twitter: http://twitter.com/calebCurry Amazing Web Hosting - http://bit.ly/ccbluehost (The best web hosting for a cheap price!)
Views: 16268 Caleb Curry
Oracle SQL Tutorial 21 - How to Create / Drop Indexes
 
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In the last video, we wrote up the SQL to create three tables: CREATE TABLE users( user_id NUMBER, username VARCHAR2(50 CHAR) UNIQUE, CONSTRAINT users_pk PRIMARY KEY (user_id) ); CREATE TABLE projects( project_id NUMBER, Project_name VARCHAR2(50 CHAR) UNIQUE, creator VARCHAR2(50 CHAR) NOT NULL, CONSTRAINT projects_pk PRIMARY KEY (project_id), CONSTRAINT projects_users_fk FOREIGN KEY (creator) REFERENCES users (username) ON DELETE CASCADE ); CREATE TABLE project_users( project_id NUMBER NOT NULL REFERENCES projects (project_id) ON DELETE CASCADE, user_id NUMBER NOT NULL REFERENCES users (user_id) ON DELETE CASCADE, CONSTRAINT project_users_pk PRIMARY KEY (project_id, user_id) ); I'm going to increase the size of the users table a bit by adding a first and last name column. CREATE TABLE users( user_id NUMBER, username VARCHAR2(50 CHAR) UNIQUE, first_name VARCHAR2(50 CHAR), last_name VARCHAR2 (50 CHAR), CONSTRAINT users_pk PRIMARY KEY (user_id) ); But before we finish this design, we should consider indexing certain columns. What columns should we index? Well, as a reminder, the columns that are indexed by default are columns with the UNIQUE constraint, and those that are labeled as primary keys. Columns that are not indexed but often should be are those labeled as a foreign key. The column that jumps out the most to me is the creator column of the project table. It's the only foreign key that is not part of some index. Let's fix this by creating our first index. The way we do that is with the CREATE INDEX command. CREATE INDEX projects_creator_ix ON projects (creator) What naming convention are we following for the index? We are naming it by the table name, followed by an underscore, followed by the column, followed by an underscore, followed by an ix (for index). In this situation it does not apply, but if our foreign key column is labeled as UNIQUE, we can add the UNIQUE keyword like this: CREATE UNIQUE INDEX projects_creator_ix ON projects (creator) Now if you want to get rid of an INDEX, you can use this command: DROP INDEX projects_creator_ix Now, if we want to select data from the user table and the project table we can do that much faster. That's because the foreign key and column it references are both indexed and those are the columns we would do the join on. We will discuss how to do joins in a future video. So what are some potential problems with this database design? Overall, it is pretty good. With this design though we need to make sure there is no way for someone to update a user's username. In the next video we are going to discuss why. ~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~ Support me on Patreon! http://www.patreon.com/calebcurry Subscribe to my newsletter: http://bit.ly/JoinCCNewsletter Donate!: http://bit.ly/DonateCTVM2. ~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~Additional Links~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~ More content: http://CalebCurry.com Facebook: http://www.facebook.com/CalebTheVideoMaker Google+: https://plus.google.com/+CalebTheVideoMaker2 Twitter: http://twitter.com/calebCurry Amazing Web Hosting - http://bit.ly/ccbluehost (The best web hosting for a cheap price!)
Views: 7173 Caleb Curry
SQL tutorial 22: How to Add / Delete column from an existing table using alter table
 
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How to add column to an existing table using Alter table How to delete a column from a table using alter table Links Copy Cloud referral link || Use this link to join copy cloud and get 20GB of free storage https://copy.com?r=j7eYO7 Blog Link: http://bit.ly/add-column SQL tutorial 21 rename table using alter table http://bit.ly/rename-table Tool used in this tutorial is SQL Developer. This tutorial series is part of SQL expert exam certification training. if you are preparing for SQL certification you can use my tutorials. This SQL Tutorial is a part of free training. Contacts E-Mail [email protected] Twitter https://twitter.com/rebellionrider Instagram http://instagram.com/rebellionrider Facebook. https://www.facebook.com/imthebhardwaj Linkedin. http://in.linkedin.com/in/mannbhardwaj/ Thanks for liking, commenting, sharing and watching more of our videos This is Manish from RebellionRider.com
Views: 39254 Manish Sharma
SQL with Oracle 10g XE - Using DELETE to Remove a Row from a Table
 
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In this video I use the DELETE command to remove an entire row from a table. When using the DELETE command be sure to use the keywords FROM and WHERE to choose the table and record you wish to delete. The code I used is: DELETE FROM BOOKS WHERE BOOK_ID = '11'; This video is part of a series of videos with the purpose of learning the SQL language. For more information visit Lecture Snippets at http://lecturesnippets.com.
Views: 8774 Lecture Snippets
auto increment in sql oracle - ( Auto increment field )
 
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auto increment in sql oracle ----------------------------------------------- CREATE table customers ( customer_id int not null, customer_name varchar(50), primary key (customer_id) ); create sequence customer_id minvalue 1 start with 1 cache 10; insert into customers values(customer_id.nextval,'maxwel'); -- to drop sequence drop sequence customer_id
Views: 2898 nechali
Oracle Database 12c: Improved Defaults
 
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Tom Kyte and Chuck Murray describe several improvements to default behavior in Oracle Database 12c: defaults based on sequences, default on NULL, Identity type columns, and metadata-only defaults. For more information: "CREATE TABLE" statement in Oracle® Database SQL Language Reference http://www.oracle.com/pls/topic/lookup?ctx=db121&id=SQLRF01402 "ALTER TABLE" statement in Oracle® Database SQL Language Reference http://www.oracle.com/pls/topic/lookup?ctx=db121&id=SQLRF01001 "Identity Columns" in Oracle® Database Migration Guide http://www.oracle.com/pls/topic/lookup?ctx=db121&id=DRDAA109
Views: 2029 OracleDBVision
SQL: Delete Vs Truncate Vs Drop
 
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In this tutorial, you'll learn the difference between delete/drop and truncate. PL/SQL (Procedural Language/Structured Query Language) is Oracle Corporation's procedural extension for SQL and the Oracle relational database. PL/SQL is available in Oracle Database (since version 7), TimesTen in-memory database (since version 11.2.1), and IBM DB2 (since version 9.7).[1] Oracle Corporation usually extends PL/SQL functionality with each successive release of the Oracle Database. PL/SQL includes procedural language elements such as conditions and loops. It allows declaration of constants and variables, procedures and functions, types and variables of those types, and triggers. It can handle exceptions (runtime errors). Arrays are supported involving the use of PL/SQL collections. Implementations from version 8 of Oracle Database onwards have included features associated with object-orientation. One can create PL/SQL units such as procedures, functions, packages, types, and triggers, which are stored in the database for reuse by applications that use any of the Oracle Database programmatic interfaces. PL/SQL works analogously to the embedded procedural languages associated with other relational databases. For example, Sybase ASE and Microsoft SQL Server have Transact-SQL, PostgreSQL has PL/pgSQL (which emulates PL/SQL to an extent), and IBM DB2 includes SQL Procedural Language,[2] which conforms to the ISO SQL’s SQL/PSM standard. The designers of PL/SQL modeled its syntax on that of Ada. Both Ada and PL/SQL have Pascal as a common ancestor, and so PL/SQL also resembles Pascal in several aspects. However, the structure of a PL/SQL package does not resemble the basic Object Pascal program structure as implemented by a Borland Delphi or Free Pascal unit. Programmers can define public and private global data-types, constants and static variables in a PL/SQL package.[3] PL/SQL also allows for the definition of classes and instantiating these as objects in PL/SQL code. This resembles usage in object-oriented programming languages like Object Pascal, C++ and Java. PL/SQL refers to a class as an "Abstract Data Type" (ADT) or "User Defined Type" (UDT), and defines it as an Oracle SQL data-type as opposed to a PL/SQL user-defined type, allowing its use in both the Oracle SQL Engine and the Oracle PL/SQL engine. The constructor and methods of an Abstract Data Type are written in PL/SQL. The resulting Abstract Data Type can operate as an object class in PL/SQL. Such objects can also persist as column values in Oracle database tables. PL/SQL is fundamentally distinct from Transact-SQL, despite superficial similarities. Porting code from one to the other usually involves non-trivial work, not only due to the differences in the feature sets of the two languages,[4] but also due to the very significant differences in the way Oracle and SQL Server deal with concurrency and locking. There are software tools available that claim to facilitate porting including Oracle Translation Scratch Editor,[5] CEITON MSSQL/Oracle Compiler [6] and SwisSQL.[7] The StepSqlite product is a PL/SQL compiler for the popular small database SQLite. PL/SQL Program Unit A PL/SQL program unit is one of the following: PL/SQL anonymous block, procedure, function, package specification, package body, trigger, type specification, type body, library. Program units are the PL/SQL source code that is compiled, developed and ultimately executed on the database. The basic unit of a PL/SQL source program is the block, which groups together related declarations and statements. A PL/SQL block is defined by the keywords DECLARE, BEGIN, EXCEPTION, and END. These keywords divide the block into a declarative part, an executable part, and an exception-handling part. The declaration section is optional and may be used to define and initialize constants and variables. If a variable is not initialized then it defaults to NULL value. The optional exception-handling part is used to handle run time errors. Only the executable part is required. A block can have a label. Package Packages are groups of conceptually linked functions, procedures, variables, PL/SQL table and record TYPE statements, constants, cursors etc. The use of packages promotes re-use of code. Packages are composed of the package specification and an optional package body. The specification is the interface to the application; it declares the types, variables, constants, exceptions, cursors, and subprograms available. The body fully defines cursors and subprograms, and so implements the specification. Two advantages of packages are: Modular approach, encapsulation/hiding of business logic, security, performance improvement, re-usability. They support object-oriented programming features like function overloading and encapsulation. Using package variables one can declare session level (scoped) variables, since variables declared in the package specification have a session scope.
Views: 57059 radhikaravikumar
Oracle Drop, Disable and Enable Constraints تعليم اوراكل
 
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by Mohamed El Desouki - محمد الدسوقى [email protected] Tel :00966 553450836 جامعة سلمان بن عبد العزيز - السعودية - الخرج How to Drop , Disable and Enable Constraints. كيف حذف و تعطيل و إعادة تشغيل القيود Text Book: Fundamentals of Database Systems, 5th Edition, by Elmasri/Navathe, published by Addison-W oracle create table statement oracle drop table statement oracle constraints database constraints primary key constraint foreign key constraint check constraint null not null constraint unique constraint
MySQL - Update Column Values
 
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Get Source Code/Read : http://intactabode.com/ For Developing support email your Details at : [email protected] Install Free Trail GST Ready Accounting Package Send your Contact information Name, Email, Contact Number to watch demo in English : https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=a4sFNtZuYzs&ab_channel=IntactAbode watch demo in Hindi : https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=I3eCieDpG3o&ab_channel=IntactAbode For Source Code Visit : http://corneey.com/wJ6X2K Subscribe to YouTube channel http://corneey.com/wJ6VoC Like us on Facebook http://corneey.com/wJ6C2l Follow us on Twitter http://corneey.com/wJ6C7x Follow me on Google+ http://corneey.com/wJ6Vhc linkedin http://corneey.com/wJ6V5g Watch More Frequently Used Sql Queries in all Databases Complete Playlist: https://www.youtube.com/playlist?list=PLErD1cRL87W992bgZ_TX7gxl5UKuP9yF9 alter table add column with default value in oracle add column with default value sql sql default value if null sql add column with default value in select column already has a default bound to it. drop default constraint in sql alter table set default value mysql alter column default value
Views: 396 Intact Abode
exchange Partition , Move partition in oracle
 
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exchange Partition , Move partition in oracle Possible operations with partitions SQL Tutorial SQL Tutorial for beginners PLSQL Tutorial PLSQL Tutorial for beginners PL/SQL Tutorial PL SQL Tutorial PL SQL Tutorial for beginners PL/SQL Tutorial for beginners Oracle SQL Tutorial Add Drop Rename Split Move ( Moving from Tablespace to tablespace) Exchange (Table to Table(non Partitioned table)) not partitioned only exchanging data (p)
Views: 830 TechLake
SQL Alter Statement - Add Column, Drop Column, Change Column Datatype
 
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SQL Alter Statement - Add Column, Drop Column, Change Column Datatype SQL tutorial for Beginners in Hindi and English
91/125 Oracle PLSQL: Creating Triggers / Default Value
 
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Creating Triggers in oracle Learn Oracle PLSQL EXAM 1Z0-144
Views: 462 khaled alkhudari
SQL Tutorial - 55: The ALTER TABLE Command
 
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In this tutorial we'll see how we can modify the structure of a table through the ALTER TABLE command in SQL. The command allows us to add, drop or modify fields in a table. Thanks for watching!
Views: 56153 The Bad Tutorials
53 Oracle 11g Tutorials     Check Constraints & Default Values
 
06:22
Introduction to Oracle 11g Tuts
Views: 323 saratutus
Oracle Database11g tutorials 14 : How to CREATE TABLE using sql developer and command prompt
 
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Oracle Database11g tutorials 14 How to Create table using command prompt and Create table using sql developer Blog Link http://bit.ly/1TkY4Oe Time Line 0:25 Introduction of Tables in Database 1:03 What is Create Table (Introduction of create table) 1:30 Syntax of Create Table 2:08 How to create table using Command Prompt 4:55 How to create table using SQL Developer Links for Oracle Database tutorials 4: database connectivity using SQL developer and command prompt http://youtu.be/wSqoXRlXDUU You can have indepth knowledge about SQL create table here http://www.rebellionrider.com/sql-create-table.html Tool used in this tutorial is command prompt. This tutorial series is part of SQL expert exam certification training. if you are preparing for SQL certification you can use my tutorials. This SQL Tutorial is a part of free training. Copy Cloud referral link || Use this link to join copy cloud and get 20GB of free storage https://copy.com?r=j7eYO7 Contacts E-Mail [email protected] Twitter https://twitter.com/rebellionrider Instagram http://instagram.com/rebellionrider Facebook. https://www.facebook.com/imthebhardwaj Linkedin. http://in.linkedin.com/in/mannbhardwaj/ Thanks for linking, commenting, sharing and watching more of our videos This is Manish from RebellionRider.com Today in this oracle database tutorial we will see How to CREATE A TABLE. if we have to define a table in layman language then we can say that Tables are just a collection of Rows and Columns but In RDBMS tables are database objects which help in organizing data into ROWS and COLUMNS. We can also say that SQL tables are kind of data structure which are used by database for efficient storage of data. To create a table in our database we use SQL CREATE TABLE command. SQL CREATE TABLE is a type of DATA DEFINITION LANGUAGE also known as DDL. To Create a table in your schema you will require CREATE TABLE system privilege. In our future videos we will see what are system and object privileges and how to grant them to a user. Today for this video we will be using Sample schema HR which already has all the necessary privileges. Ohk Let's see the syntax. CREATE TABLE table name ( column name1 Data-Type(size), column name2 Data-Type(size), ..... ); CREATE TABLE is an oracle reserved word or say an Oracle key word whereas There are 3 different ways of creating a table in Oracle database. Creating a table using Command Line Interface (CLI) in Oracle database For demonstrating how to create table in oracle database using CLI, I'll be using Command prompt. Thats how we create table using command prompt. you can check your table structure by DESCRIBE command for that just write DESC and your table name. Like this Another way of creating a table is by using Graphic user interface (GUI) in Oracle database To demonstrate how to create table using GUI we will use SQL developer. Lets open our SQL developer I am connected to HR schema if you do not know how to create a connection to database using SQL developer please watch my oracle database tutorial 4 that explains database connectivity using SQL developer and command prompt. Link for this video is in the description below. So lets create a table. Creating a table using SQL developer is very easy we do not have to fire any query here. Let's start First of all right click on your connection in which you want to create a table and choose schema browser. This will open a separate schema browser pane or you can expend your connection by clicking this + sign and then right click on table and choose New Table. However I prefer working with schema browser so let's skip to schema browser pane here from the first drop-down list you can choose connection name and in the second drop down list you can choose what database objects you want to work with we want to create a table thus I'll choose table and then click this arrow here and choose option for new table Ok we have created a table wizard first of all give a unique name to your table and add some column as well. For this, click the green plus button. Now we already have a column so give it some name. Also choose a datatype from the list and specify any size you can check this not null column if in case you want to make this a mandatory column you can also specify default value and constraint If you want to make this column a primary key you can click here In my future video i'll show you what are these constraints and different ways of applying them on a column in a table. for this video we will concentrate on create table only so when you are done with all your columns click ok Thats your table You can double click on your table here and can see its structure. Thats it
Views: 165090 Manish Sharma
Oracle - SQL - Drop Table
 
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Oracle - SQL - Drop Table Watch more Videos at https://www.tutorialspoint.com/videotutorials/index.htm Lecture By: Mr. Anadi Sharma, Tutorials Point India Private Limited.
45. Primary Key and Foreign Key Constraints in PL/SQL Oracle
 
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In this video you will learn about Primary Key and Foreign Key Constraints in PL/SQL Oracle. For Support =========== Email: [email protected] Contact Form: http://www.learninhindi.com/home/contact Our Social Media ================ Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/LearnInHindi Twitter: https://twitter.com/LearnInHindi For Training & Videos ===================== For more videos and articles visit: http://www.learninhindi.com Free Java Programming In Hindi Course ===================================== https://www.youtube.com/playlist?list=PLOZ3jentlCDAwwhMyoLISrxkXTADGp7PH Free Oracle PL/SQL Programming In Hindi Course ============================================== https://www.youtube.com/playlist?list=PLB5DA82419C2D99B6 Free C Programming In Hindi Course ================================== https://www.youtube.com/playlist?list=PLOZ3jentlCDAxKpBLMWogxSdy6BZcsAJq Trips & Tricks Channel ====================== https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCGmLfkuCo-3lHHJXRJ9HUMw Programming in Hindi Channel ============================ https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCudElIDgwNrybeAvXIy1HZQ
Views: 8629 ITORIAN
08 of  13 - Oracle APEX 5 - List of values (LOV) for a field in a form; display a hidden column
 
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A new series using APEX 18.1 is now available. https://youtu.be/65LExgaQMHI This is one in a series of videos about creating an application using Oracle APEX 5. In this video we create two lists of values (LOVs) in the Shared Components section of our application. We use each LOV in place of a field in a form. We see how APEX will help us write the SQL for a LOV. The difference between a "display value"and a "return value"is discussed. Finally, we display the primary key field in a form, which APEX hides by default. See the primary key field in a form can be helpful during application development. SQL scripts for this series are available to download at: http://web.nmsu.edu/~jkreie/oracle/DatabaseTopics.html or by request at http://db.kreie.net
Views: 33573 Jennifer Kreie
Oracle SQL Tutorial 12 - Intro to Constraints
 
06:13
As I believe I've mentioned in an earlier video, a constraint is basically a rule we can put in our database that prevents someone from putting the wrong data in. It protects our relationships and data integrity. Because the goal of these constraints are to protect our data integrity, you may hear them called integrity constraints. There are many integrity constraints we are going to talk about: NOT NULL UNIQUE PRIMARY KEY FOREIGN KRY CHECK There is also the DEFAULT attribute. These are all keywords we can add to our columns that will change the way the database works with our data and also prevents incorrect data. NOT NULL is a constraint you can put on a column that prevents nulls. A null is the absence of a value. When we say null, we are saying that every single row has to have a value for this column. UNIQUE is a constraint that makes every row have a unique value for this column. Now note, this does not require values to be put it, and it will allow multiple rows to be null. Next, we are going to talk about primary keys. What qualifies a column as a candidate key? First, not a single row should have a null for that column. Second, every row must be unique. The primary key constraint is essentially a combination of the NOT NULL constraint and the UNIQUE constraint. The foreign key constraint sets the requirement that any value in this column for any row must match a row in another column. Check constraints allow us to be more strict with what data is allowed in our database. NOT NULL and UNIQUE give some level of restriction, but what if we want something more specific? For example, what if we only want values between 0 and 100? That is where check constraints come in. When using check constraints, you give a boolean expression. A boolean expression is something that can be evaluated to true or false. It will only insert the row if the value you try to put into the row makes the expression evaluate to true. So if you put in a value too great or small, the expression will be false and the data is not allowed to be entered. The default constraint is a value you can give a column, and if for any reason when the row is created in the table a value is not provided, the default value will be given. So for example, we could have a bank account table where the balance defaults to 0. How do you actually implement these constraints when you are creating a table? In the next video we are going to be adding these to our users table. Please be sure to subscribe! ~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~ Support me on Patreon: http://www.patreon.com/calebcurry Subscribe to my newsletter: http://bit.ly/JoinCCNewsletter Donate!: http://bit.ly/DonateCTVM2. ~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~Additional Links~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~ More content: http://CalebCurry.com Facebook: http://www.facebook.com/CalebTheVideoMaker Google+: https://plus.google.com/+CalebTheVideoMaker2 Twitter: http://twitter.com/calebCurry Amazing Web Hosting - http://bit.ly/ccbluehost (The best web hosting for a cheap price!)
Views: 16494 Caleb Curry
Oracle SQL PLSQL 12C Tutorial 19 - Default Value
 
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This Video Tutorial Will Describe how to set the default value of the column. This command will also work on other versions of database like Oracle 11g Database, Oracle 10g Database, Oracle 9i Database, Oracle 8i Database, Oracle 8 Database and so on. DEFAULT clause is used to set the value for the table column. DEFAULT clause insert the predefined value into the column if you left it blank while inserting the column. Full Syntax will be given in this video tutorial about how to use the DEFAULT clause. Along with live example to demonstrate DEFAULT clause. All the keywords, format, mandatory clauses etc are described in this video.
UNIQUE KEY CONSTRAINT IN ORACLE SQL WITH EXAMPLE
 
14:37
This is a free video tutorial by Kishan mashru on unique constraint in Oracle SQL, the video firstly explains what unique constraint is and how it can be used along with its various limitations, then the video gives perfect examples to understand how to create a unique key at the column level or inline, or at the table level i.e out of line. The video gives a demonstration on ALTER TABLE ADD CONSTRAINT and ALTER TABLE DROP CONSTRAINT statements also.
Views: 838 Kishan Mashru
Oracle SQL Tutorial For Beginners | Oracle SQL Online Training - Session 1
 
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Course : Oracle SQL Online Training Mode of Training : Online Duration : 40 Hours Timings : Flexible Oracle SQL Online Training Demo Registration Link : http://svsoftsolutions.com/demo.aspx Introduction to SQL What is SQL? What Can SQL do? RDBMS SQL Syntax Database Tables SQL Statements Overview of Most Important SQL Commands SELECT UPDATE DELETE INSERT CREATE TABLE ALTER TABLE DROP TABLE CREATE INDEX DROP INDEX SQL SELECT Statement SELECT syntax Demo Database SELECT Column Example SELECT * Example SQL Distinct SELECT DISTINCT Statement SELECT DISTINCT Syntax SELECT DISTINCT Example SQL WHERE Clause WHERE Clause WHERE Clause Example Operators in the WHERE Clause SQL AND & OR Operators AND Operator Example OR Operator Example Combining AND & OR SQL ORDER BY ORDER BY Syntax ORDER BY Example ORDER BY DESC Example ORDER BY Several Column Examples SQL Insert Into INSERT INTO Syntax INSERT INTO Examples Insert Data into Specified Columns SQL UPDATE UPDATE Syntax UPDATE Example Watch out UPDATE statement. SQL DELETE DELETE Syntax DELETE Examples Delete All the Data SQL Aliases SQL Alias Syntax for Columns Alias Example for Table Columns Alias Example for Tables. SQL Joins Different SQL JOINs INNER JOIN LEFT OUTER JOIN RIGHT OUTER JOIN FULL OUTER JOIN SQL UNION UNION Syntax UNION Example UNION ALL Syntax UNION ALL Example SQL Insert Into Select INSERT INTO SELECT Syntax INSERT INTO SELECT Examples SQL Create Table CREATE TABLE Syntax CREATE TABLE Example SQL Constraints CREATE TABLE + CONSTRAINT Syntax NOT NULL Constraint UNIQUE Constraint UNIQUE Constraint on CREATE TABLE UNIQUE Constraint on ALTER TABLE To DROP a UNIQUE Constraint PRIMARY KEY Constraint PRIMARY KEY Constraint on CREATE TABLE PRIMARY KEY Constraint on ALTER TABLE To DROP a PRIMARY KEY Constraint FOREIGN KEY Constraint FOREIGN KEY Constraint on CREATE TABLE FOREIGN KEY Constraint on ALTER TABLE To DROP a FOREIGN KEY Constraint CHECK Constraint CHECK Constraint on CREATE TABLE CHECK Constraint on ALTER TABLE To DROP a CHECK Constraint DEFAULT Constraint on CREATE TABLE DEFAULT Constraint on ALTER TABLE To DROP a DEFAULT Constraint SQL Create Index CREATE INDEX Syntax CREATE UNIQUE INDEX Syntax CREATE INDEX Example SQL DROP Command The DROP INDEX Statement The DROP TABLE Statement The DROP DATABASE Statement The TRUNCATE TABLE Statement SQL ALTER Command The ALTER TABLE Statement ALTER TABLE Example Change Data Type Example DROP COLUMN Example SQL VIEWS CREATE VIEW Statement CREATE VIEW Syntax CREATE VIEW Examples CREATE OR REPLACE VIEW Syntax Dropping a View SQL NULL Values Working with NULL Values IS NULL IS NOT NULL SQL NULL Functions NVL COALESCE For more details visit our website : www.svsoftsolutions.com Or reach us @ USA : +1-845-915-8712 (Toll Free), India : +91-9642373173
Views: 539 SV Soft Solutions
Set business rules with check constraints in oracle.
 
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Check constraint is used to validate data according to business logic, whether it be limiting the value range or allowing some specific string format or data format. This oracle tutorial is about how to add, remove, enable or disable check constraints in oracle 12c. Here are the list of ddl commands for check constraint: ALTER TABLE table_name ADD CONSTRAINT constraint_name CHECK column_name condition [DISABLE]; ALTER TABLE table_name DROP CONSTRAINT constraint_name; ALTER TABLE table_name ENABLE CONSTRAINT constraint_name; ALTER TABLE table_name DISABLE CONSTRAINT constraint_name;
Views: 468 Subhroneel Ganguly
Oracle SQL Tutorial 15 - How to Add Primary Key Constraints
 
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The goal of this video is to take the CREATE TABLE statement we have and walk through the different ways to create primary keys. This and foreign keys are the most common constraints, so we need to make sure that you have this one down. Once we have a more complex database design with multiple tables, we will learn the proper way to create foreign keys. For now, I am going to keep all of our constraints at the column level, unnamed. The only exception is the primary key, because that is what we are focusing on in this video. The first way to create the primary key is at the column level, unnamed. The primary key is very important because it what we use to distinguish rows from one another. Every table you create is going to need a primary key, and I suggest putting a lot of effort into making sure your keys are set up correctly and organized. --Delete the table if needed: DROP TABLE users; CREATE TABLE users( user_id NUMBER PRIMARY KEY, username VARCHAR2(50 CHAR) NOT NULL UNIQUE ) The next way is at the column level, but named: --Delete the table: DROP TABLE users; CREATE TABLE users( user_id NUMBER CONSTRAINT users_pk PRIMARY KEY, username VARCHAR2(50 CHAR)NOT NULL UNIQUE ) The general naming convention here is the table name followed by an underscore, followed by pk for primary key. Finally, the third way, which is at the table level, is the way we are going to create our primary key: --Delete the table: DROP TABLE users; CREATE TABLE users( user_id NUMBER, username VARCHAR2(50 CHAR) NOT NULL UNIQUE, CONSTRAINT users_pk PRIMARY KEY (user_id) ) Now, once you've created these constraints, you can use Oracle SQL Developer to find these constraints. Open your databases in the connections tab and find the table in the Tables folder. Double click your table and travel to the Constraints tab. You can tell here that the UNIQUE constraint still exists in this table, but it has a pretty disgusting name. It kind of wants to make me puke. Referencing that constraint in the future with that wacky name would be a burden. Engrave these three options in your head so that you can use any of them whenever you need and can read other peoples' code. Thank you for sticking with the series thus far. In the next video, we will be…doing something. See you then! :) ~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~ Support me on Patreon! http://www.patreon.com/calebcurry Subscribe to my newsletter: http://bit.ly/JoinCCNewsletter Donate!: http://bit.ly/DonateCTVM2. ~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~Additional Links~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~ More content: http://CalebCurry.com Facebook: http://www.facebook.com/CalebTheVideoMaker Google+: https://plus.google.com/+CalebTheVideoMaker2 Twitter: http://twitter.com/calebCurry Amazing Web Hosting - http://bit.ly/ccbluehost (The best web hosting for a cheap price!)
Views: 11817 Caleb Curry
How to add or drop new column in existing table in SQL
 
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Today i'm going to teach you how to add and drop a column from existing table.
Views: 479 OCP Technology
creating table and drop table and alter columns and their data types in oracle
 
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this video explains how to creating table and drop table and rename table and alter columns and their data types and also what is the difference between truncate ,delete and drop..
Views: 233 raghava nannuru
SQL TUTORIAL-4 (Create table, Alter table, ADD and DROP column, MODIFY Column Data type)
 
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SQL queries for 1. Create table 2. Add new Column 3. Drop a column 4.change column data type
Views: 16407 simran kaur
Oracle - SQL - Check Constraint
 
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Oracle - SQL - Check Constraint Watch more Videos at https://www.tutorialspoint.com/videotutorials/index.htm Lecture By: Mr. Anadi Sharma, Tutorials Point India Private Limited.
Oracle SQL Tutorial 19 - ON DELETE (SET NULL and CASCADE)
 
05:59
Welcome everyone! Something you need to consider when you are creating foreign keys is what happens if you delete the parent? As a reminder, the parent is the row that has the value you are referencing in the row that has a foreign key. Why is this something important to consider? It's important because foreign keys need to protect us from two primary things, unacceptable INSERT statements, and unacceptable DELETE statements. Let's see what happens when we try to insert incorrect data into the table with the foreign key: INSERT INTO projects VALUES (1, 'Update website homepage', 'CalebCurry') The response tells us plainly that there is no such user in the users table. So this works correctly. Deleting data on the other hand works a bit differently because the database does not know what you want to do with the child row when you delete the parent from the parent table. By default, we will get an error message that prevents the parent from being deleted, but there are some other options. How do we configure this? This is where the ON DELETE statement comes in. We add the keywords ON DELETE right after the foreign key and then we can give it the option of CASCADE or SET NULL. CASCADE means that if we delete the parent, we are also going to delete the child. In our situation what that means is that if somebody creates a project in our project table and then that persons account gets deleted, all of the projects he owns will also be deleted. CASCADE: CREATE TABLE projects( project_id NUMBER, Project_name VARCHAR2(50 CHAR) UNIQUE, creator VARCHAR2(50 CHAR) NOT NULL, CONSTRAINT projects_pk PRIMARY KEY (project_id), CONSTRAINT projects_users_fk FOREIGN KEY (creator) REFERENCES users (username) ON DELETE CASCADE ) SET NULL will take the value in the child table and get rid of it. What you are left with is NULL. This means that we have an orphaned child. The first thought you might have is that it is a bad thing to have an orphaned child, but in databases that is not always so. In our application if we had it set to SET NULL, when a user account gets deleted the projects would remain in existence they would just lack a creator. This might be a good thing if you are concerned about the long term survival of a project, this might be the route you want to go. It ultimately depends on the application purpose. If you don't like CASCADE or SET NULL, you can leave the entire ON DELETE statement and just have Oracle throw an error when a parent is deleted. As for us, we are going to use ON DELETE CASCADE. We need to use this with extreme caution. If you are not careful, someday you will run a delete a row and that will cascade through you database deleting a bunch of stuff you didn't want to delete. Stuff happens, so make sure you back up your database every once in eternity. Now, in the last video we started with a database design that had three tables. We've only created two in this video. In the next video we are going to create the next one, which is a little special. Then we'll finish things up by adding some indexes. ~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~ Support me on Patreon! http://www.patreon.com/calebcurry Subscribe to my newsletter: http://bit.ly/JoinCCNewsletter Donate!: http://bit.ly/DonateCTVM2. ~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~Additional Links~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~ More content: http://CalebCurry.com Facebook: http://www.facebook.com/CalebTheVideoMaker Google+: https://plus.google.com/+CalebTheVideoMaker2 Twitter: http://twitter.com/calebCurry Amazing Web Hosting - http://bit.ly/ccbluehost (The best web hosting for a cheap price!)
Views: 12292 Caleb Curry
Generate Add/Drop  Column Statement for all the tables in a Database in SQL Server- SQL Part 49
 
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SQL Server / TSQL Tutorial Scenario: Generate Add/Drop Column Statement for all the tables in a Database in SQL Server You are working in Auto Insurance Company as SQL Server Developer. Your company has a database in which they have more than 300 Tables. In initial design, they forgot to add Audit columns such as CreatedBy and CreatedOn. They want you to generate Add Column CreatedBy and CreatedOn for all the Tables in a Database, How would you do that? Link to scripts used in the video http://www.techbrothersit.com/2016/02/how-to-generate-add-column-statement.html Check out our website for Different SQL Server, MSBI tutorials and interview questions such as SQL Server Reporting Services(SSRS) Tutorial SQL Server Integration Services(SSIS) Tutorial SQL Server DBA Tutorial SQL Server / TSQL Tutorial ( Beginner to Advance) http://www.techbrothersit.com/
Views: 983 TechBrothersIT
Using Alter command to drop constraints
 
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This video describes how we can use alter command to drop constraints from table.
How to Remove Multiple Tables | Drop Table | Multiple Drop Table | Drop Table Oracle | Delete Table
 
05:42
How to Remove Multiple Tables | Drop Table | Multiple Drop Table | Drop Table in Oracle | Delete Table ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Remove Multiple Tables,Delete Table,Drop Table in Oracle,Multiple Drop Table,Drop Table,insert, create, tutorial,sql, sql tutorials, oracle dba tutorials, sql developer, sql tutorials for beginners, sql expert, sql expert tutorials, database, oracle, table, online training,insert into oracle,oracle insert into multiple rows,create table oracle,oracle 12c alter table add identity column,oracle create table default value sysdate,collections in oracle pl sql with examples,Oracle 12c, database, oracle database (software), sql, sql developer, sql tutorials, how to create database using dbca, how to create database in oracle,oracle cloud, database 12c, dba genesis,database services, database, create, 11g, dba, db, beginner, Please Subscribe My Channel
ADD CONSTRAINTS to a new table
 
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This video explains what are primary key,not null,unique,default,check constraints and how to add constraints to the columns in a table while the creation of a new table. link to HOW to add constraint while creating table: https:// https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=dh_UKs-LnK8 link to how to add new columns with constraints : https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=UNAatxnnwB8 link to how to add constraints to existing column https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=02_fXRQpwSc how to drop all constraints on the table: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=CM7FPqIr6gc subscribe - https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCNl7...
Views: 558 kwl zerotwonine
Alter database table columns without dropping table   Part 67
 
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In this video, we will discuss, altering a database table column without having the need to drop the table. Let's understand this with an example. Text version of the video http://csharp-video-tutorials.blogspot.com/2013/08/part-67-alter-database-table-columns.html Slides http://csharp-video-tutorials.blogspot.com/2013/09/part-67-alter-database-table-columns.html All SQL Server Text Articles http://csharp-video-tutorials.blogspot.com/p/free-sql-server-video-tutorials-for.html All SQL Server Slides http://csharp-video-tutorials.blogspot.com/p/sql-server.html All Dot Net and SQL Server Tutorials in English https://www.youtube.com/user/kudvenkat/playlists?view=1&sort=dd All Dot Net and SQL Server Tutorials in Arabic https://www.youtube.com/c/KudvenkatArabic/playlists We will be using table tblEmployee for this demo. Use the sql script below, to create and populate this table with some sample data. Create table tblEmployee ( ID int primary key identity, Name nvarchar(50), Gender nvarchar(50), Salary nvarchar(50) ) Insert into tblEmployee values('Sara Nani','Female','4500') Insert into tblEmployee values('James Histo','Male','5300') Insert into tblEmployee values('Mary Jane','Female','6200') Insert into tblEmployee values('Paul Sensit','Male','4200') Insert into tblEmployee values('Mike Jen','Male','5500') The requirement is to group the salaries by gender. To achieve this we would write a sql query using GROUP BY as shown below. Select Gender, Sum(Salary) as Total from tblEmployee Group by Gender When you execute this query, we will get an error - Operand data type nvarchar is invalid for sum operator. This is because, when we created tblEmployee table, the "Salary" column was created using nvarchar datatype. SQL server Sum() aggregate function can only be applied on numeric columns. So, let's try to modify "Salary" column to use int datatype. Let's do it using the designer. 1. Right click on "tblEmployee" table in "Object Explorer" window, and select "Design" 2. Change the datatype from nvarchar(50) to int 3. Save the table At this point, you will get an error message - Saving changes is not permitted. The changes you have made require the following tables to be dropped and re-created. You have either made changes to a table that can't be re-created or enabled the option Prevent saving changes that require the table to be re-created. So, the obvious next question is, how to alter the database table definition without the need to drop, re-create and again populate the table with data? There are 2 options Option 1: Use a sql query to alter the column as shown below. Alter table tblEmployee Alter column Salary int Option 2: Disable "Prevent saving changes that require table re-creation" option in sql server 2008 1. Open Microsoft SQL Server Management Studio 2008 2. Click Tools, select Options 3. Expand Designers, and select "Table and Database Designers" 4. On the right hand side window, uncheck, Prevent saving changes that require table re-creation 5. Click OK
Views: 85164 kudvenkat
SQL Server 34 - How to Create and Drop Indexes
 
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Creating indexes is a very easy task, but before you go creating indexes on everything, you need to know that some columns are indexed by default. Specifically, any column that is labeled as the PRIMARY KEY or UNIQUE are indexed by default. That means that if you have a UNIQUE column, you do not need to worry about adding an INDEX to it. The columns that you will want to pay special attention to are any foreign keys or columns that you are going to use very frequently. We are going to create an index on our SpeciesID column in our Animals table. This is a foreign key that I'm likely going to use very frequently. CREATE INDEX IX_AnimalsSpecies ON Animals (SpeciesID); The syntax is very similar to CREATE TABLE in that you say CREATE INDEX followed by an index name. The IX_ is a prefix that is sometimes conventionally used to name indexes. Next, we have the table name, and then we have something to describe the column. That way if you see IX_AnimalsSpecies, you automatically know it is talking about an Index for the Animals table that is on the column dealing with the species. To get rid of this index, use this: DROP INDEX IX_AnimalsSpecies; Which is also very similar to how we drop a table. Now, you can also create an INDEX on multiple columns if you are going to use them together very often. The way you do that is just add another column after a comma inside of the () in the index columns. For example: CREATE INDEX IX_AnmialsContact ON Animals (Name, ContactEmail); One other thing I wanted to show you is that you can actually create a UNIQUE Index by adding the keyword in: CREATE UNIQUE INDEX IX_Species ON Species (Species); This should only be used if every value for a column is labeled unique…In fact, it forces every row to be unique. Remember though that if a column is labeled UNIQUE, it is indexed by default...So this is not needed in this situation. In the next video we will discuss in more detail whether you want to use the UNIQUE Constraint create a UNIQUE index. ~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~ Support me! http://www.patreon.com/calebcurry Subscribe to my newsletter: http://bit.ly/JoinCCNewsletter Donate!: http://bit.ly/DonateCTVM2. ~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~Additional Links~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~ More content: http://CalebCurry.com Facebook: http://www.facebook.com/CalebTheVideoMaker Google+: https://plus.google.com/+CalebTheVideoMaker2 Twitter: http://twitter.com/calebCurry Amazing Web Hosting - http://bit.ly/ccbluehost (The best web hosting for a cheap price!)
Views: 6640 Caleb Curry
PRIMARY KEY CONSTRAINT IN ORACLE SQL WITH EXAMPLE
 
12:43
This is a free video tutorial by Kishan mashru on primary key constraint in oracle SQL, the video firstly explains what primary key constraint is and how it can be used along with its various limitations, then the video gives perfect examples to understand how to create a primary key at the column level i.e inline declaration, or at the table level i.e out of line declaration. The video gives the demonstration on ALTER TABLE ADD CONSTRAINT and ALTER TABLE DROP CONSTRAINT statements also.
Views: 531 Kishan Mashru
SQL: Check Constraint
 
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In this tutorial, you'll learn how to make use of check constraint. PL/SQL (Procedural Language/Structured Query Language) is Oracle Corporation's procedural extension for SQL and the Oracle relational database. PL/SQL is available in Oracle Database (since version 7), TimesTen in-memory database (since version 11.2.1), and IBM DB2 (since version 9.7).[1] Oracle Corporation usually extends PL/SQL functionality with each successive release of the Oracle Database. PL/SQL includes procedural language elements such as conditions and loops. It allows declaration of constants and variables, procedures and functions, types and variables of those types, and triggers. It can handle exceptions (runtime errors). Arrays are supported involving the use of PL/SQL collections. Implementations from version 8 of Oracle Database onwards have included features associated with object-orientation. One can create PL/SQL units such as procedures, functions, packages, types, and triggers, which are stored in the database for reuse by applications that use any of the Oracle Database programmatic interfaces. PL/SQL works analogously to the embedded procedural languages associated with other relational databases. For example, Sybase ASE and Microsoft SQL Server have Transact-SQL, PostgreSQL has PL/pgSQL (which emulates PL/SQL to an extent), and IBM DB2 includes SQL Procedural Language,[2] which conforms to the ISO SQL’s SQL/PSM standard. The designers of PL/SQL modeled its syntax on that of Ada. Both Ada and PL/SQL have Pascal as a common ancestor, and so PL/SQL also resembles Pascal in several aspects. However, the structure of a PL/SQL package does not resemble the basic Object Pascal program structure as implemented by a Borland Delphi or Free Pascal unit. Programmers can define public and private global data-types, constants and static variables in a PL/SQL package.[3] PL/SQL also allows for the definition of classes and instantiating these as objects in PL/SQL code. This resembles usage in object-oriented programming languages like Object Pascal, C++ and Java. PL/SQL refers to a class as an "Abstract Data Type" (ADT) or "User Defined Type" (UDT), and defines it as an Oracle SQL data-type as opposed to a PL/SQL user-defined type, allowing its use in both the Oracle SQL Engine and the Oracle PL/SQL engine. The constructor and methods of an Abstract Data Type are written in PL/SQL. The resulting Abstract Data Type can operate as an object class in PL/SQL. Such objects can also persist as column values in Oracle database tables. PL/SQL is fundamentally distinct from Transact-SQL, despite superficial similarities. Porting code from one to the other usually involves non-trivial work, not only due to the differences in the feature sets of the two languages,[4] but also due to the very significant differences in the way Oracle and SQL Server deal with concurrency and locking. There are software tools available that claim to facilitate porting including Oracle Translation Scratch Editor,[5] CEITON MSSQL/Oracle Compiler [6] and SwisSQL.[7] The StepSqlite product is a PL/SQL compiler for the popular small database SQLite. PL/SQL Program Unit A PL/SQL program unit is one of the following: PL/SQL anonymous block, procedure, function, package specification, package body, trigger, type specification, type body, library. Program units are the PL/SQL source code that is compiled, developed and ultimately executed on the database. The basic unit of a PL/SQL source program is the block, which groups together related declarations and statements. A PL/SQL block is defined by the keywords DECLARE, BEGIN, EXCEPTION, and END. These keywords divide the block into a declarative part, an executable part, and an exception-handling part. The declaration section is optional and may be used to define and initialize constants and variables. If a variable is not initialized then it defaults to NULL value. The optional exception-handling part is used to handle run time errors. Only the executable part is required. A block can have a label. Package Packages are groups of conceptually linked functions, procedures, variables, PL/SQL table and record TYPE statements, constants, cursors etc. The use of packages promotes re-use of code. Packages are composed of the package specification and an optional package body. The specification is the interface to the application; it declares the types, variables, constants, exceptions, cursors, and subprograms available. The body fully defines cursors and subprograms, and so implements the specification. Two advantages of packages are: Modular approach, encapsulation/hiding of business logic, security, performance improvement, re-usability. They support object-oriented programming features like function overloading and encapsulation. Using package variables one can declare session level (scoped) variables, since variables declared in the package specification have a session scope.
Views: 10834 radhikaravikumar
How to add Default Constraint to existing Columns in SQL Server Table - SQL Server Tutorial Part 91
 
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SQL Server / TSQL Tutorial Scenario: You are working as SQL Server developer. You already has dbo.Customer table with First Name, Last Name, Country Name and Region Columns. The table contains some records as well. You need to provide Default Constraint scripts for Country Name='USA' and Region='North America'. Link to scripts used in SQL Server / TSQL Tutorial Video http://www.techbrothersit.com/2016/05/how-to-add-default-constraint-to.html Check out our website for Different SQL Server, MSBI tutorials and interview questions such as SQL Server Reporting Services(SSRS) Tutorial SQL Server Integration Services(SSIS) Tutorial SQL Server DBA Tutorial SQL Server / TSQL Tutorial ( Beginner to Advance) http://www.techbrothersit.com/
Views: 1341 TechBrothersIT
Oracle SQL Tutorial For Beginners | Oracle SQL Online Training - Session 2
 
01:03:12
Course : Oracle SQL Online Training Mode of Training : Online Duration : 40 Hours Timings : Flexible Oracle SQL Online Training Demo Registration Link : http://svsoftsolutions.com/demo.aspx Introduction to SQL What is SQL? What Can SQL do? RDBMS SQL Syntax Database Tables SQL Statements Overview of Most Important SQL Commands SELECT UPDATE DELETE INSERT CREATE TABLE ALTER TABLE DROP TABLE CREATE INDEX DROP INDEX SQL SELECT Statement SELECT syntax Demo Database SELECT Column Example SELECT * Example SQL Distinct SELECT DISTINCT Statement SELECT DISTINCT Syntax SELECT DISTINCT Example SQL WHERE Clause WHERE Clause WHERE Clause Example Operators in the WHERE Clause SQL AND & OR Operators AND Operator Example OR Operator Example Combining AND & OR SQL ORDER BY ORDER BY Syntax ORDER BY Example ORDER BY DESC Example ORDER BY Several Column Examples SQL Insert Into INSERT INTO Syntax INSERT INTO Examples Insert Data into Specified Columns SQL UPDATE UPDATE Syntax UPDATE Example Watch out UPDATE statement. SQL DELETE DELETE Syntax DELETE Examples Delete All the Data SQL Aliases SQL Alias Syntax for Columns Alias Example for Table Columns Alias Example for Tables. SQL Joins Different SQL JOINs INNER JOIN LEFT OUTER JOIN RIGHT OUTER JOIN FULL OUTER JOIN SQL UNION UNION Syntax UNION Example UNION ALL Syntax UNION ALL Example SQL Insert Into Select INSERT INTO SELECT Syntax INSERT INTO SELECT Examples SQL Create Table CREATE TABLE Syntax CREATE TABLE Example SQL Constraints CREATE TABLE + CONSTRAINT Syntax NOT NULL Constraint UNIQUE Constraint UNIQUE Constraint on CREATE TABLE UNIQUE Constraint on ALTER TABLE To DROP a UNIQUE Constraint PRIMARY KEY Constraint PRIMARY KEY Constraint on CREATE TABLE PRIMARY KEY Constraint on ALTER TABLE To DROP a PRIMARY KEY Constraint FOREIGN KEY Constraint FOREIGN KEY Constraint on CREATE TABLE FOREIGN KEY Constraint on ALTER TABLE To DROP a FOREIGN KEY Constraint CHECK Constraint CHECK Constraint on CREATE TABLE CHECK Constraint on ALTER TABLE To DROP a CHECK Constraint DEFAULT Constraint on CREATE TABLE DEFAULT Constraint on ALTER TABLE To DROP a DEFAULT Constraint SQL Create Index CREATE INDEX Syntax CREATE UNIQUE INDEX Syntax CREATE INDEX Example SQL DROP Command The DROP INDEX Statement The DROP TABLE Statement The DROP DATABASE Statement The TRUNCATE TABLE Statement SQL ALTER Command The ALTER TABLE Statement ALTER TABLE Example Change Data Type Example DROP COLUMN Example SQL VIEWS CREATE VIEW Statement CREATE VIEW Syntax CREATE VIEW Examples CREATE OR REPLACE VIEW Syntax Dropping a View SQL NULL Values Working with NULL Values IS NULL IS NOT NULL SQL NULL Functions NVL COALESCE For more details visit our website : www.svsoftsolutions.com Or reach us @ USA : +1-845-915-8712 (Toll Free), India : +91-9642373173
Views: 46 SV Soft Solutions
SQLPLUS: LineSize & PageSize
 
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In this tutorial, you'll learn how to set linesize and pagesize . PL/SQL (Procedural Language/Structured Query Language) is Oracle Corporation's procedural extension for SQL and the Oracle relational database. PL/SQL is available in Oracle Database (since version 7), TimesTen in-memory database (since version 11.2.1), and IBM DB2 (since version 9.7).[1] Oracle Corporation usually extends PL/SQL functionality with each successive release of the Oracle Database. PL/SQL includes procedural language elements such as conditions and loops. It allows declaration of constants and variables, procedures and functions, types and variables of those types, and triggers. It can handle exceptions (runtime errors). Arrays are supported involving the use of PL/SQL collections. Implementations from version 8 of Oracle Database onwards have included features associated with object-orientation. One can create PL/SQL units such as procedures, functions, packages, types, and triggers, which are stored in the database for reuse by applications that use any of the Oracle Database programmatic interfaces. PL/SQL works analogously to the embedded procedural languages associated with other relational databases. For example, Sybase ASE and Microsoft SQL Server have Transact-SQL, PostgreSQL has PL/pgSQL (which emulates PL/SQL to an extent), and IBM DB2 includes SQL Procedural Language,[2] which conforms to the ISO SQL’s SQL/PSM standard. The designers of PL/SQL modeled its syntax on that of Ada. Both Ada and PL/SQL have Pascal as a common ancestor, and so PL/SQL also resembles Pascal in several aspects. However, the structure of a PL/SQL package does not resemble the basic Object Pascal program structure as implemented by a Borland Delphi or Free Pascal unit. Programmers can define public and private global data-types, constants and static variables in a PL/SQL package.[3] PL/SQL also allows for the definition of classes and instantiating these as objects in PL/SQL code. This resembles usage in object-oriented programming languages like Object Pascal, C++ and Java. PL/SQL refers to a class as an "Abstract Data Type" (ADT) or "User Defined Type" (UDT), and defines it as an Oracle SQL data-type as opposed to a PL/SQL user-defined type, allowing its use in both the Oracle SQL Engine and the Oracle PL/SQL engine. The constructor and methods of an Abstract Data Type are written in PL/SQL. The resulting Abstract Data Type can operate as an object class in PL/SQL. Such objects can also persist as column values in Oracle database tables. PL/SQL is fundamentally distinct from Transact-SQL, despite superficial similarities. Porting code from one to the other usually involves non-trivial work, not only due to the differences in the feature sets of the two languages,[4] but also due to the very significant differences in the way Oracle and SQL Server deal with concurrency and locking. There are software tools available that claim to facilitate porting including Oracle Translation Scratch Editor,[5] CEITON MSSQL/Oracle Compiler [6] and SwisSQL.[7] The StepSqlite product is a PL/SQL compiler for the popular small database SQLite. PL/SQL Program Unit A PL/SQL program unit is one of the following: PL/SQL anonymous block, procedure, function, package specification, package body, trigger, type specification, type body, library. Program units are the PL/SQL source code that is compiled, developed and ultimately executed on the database. The basic unit of a PL/SQL source program is the block, which groups together related declarations and statements. A PL/SQL block is defined by the keywords DECLARE, BEGIN, EXCEPTION, and END. These keywords divide the block into a declarative part, an executable part, and an exception-handling part. The declaration section is optional and may be used to define and initialize constants and variables. If a variable is not initialized then it defaults to NULL value. The optional exception-handling part is used to handle run time errors. Only the executable part is required. A block can have a label. Package Packages are groups of conceptually linked functions, procedures, variables, PL/SQL table and record TYPE statements, constants, cursors etc. The use of packages promotes re-use of code. Packages are composed of the package specification and an optional package body. The specification is the interface to the application; it declares the types, variables, constants, exceptions, cursors, and subprograms available. The body fully defines cursors and subprograms, and so implements the specification. Two advantages of packages are: Modular approach, encapsulation/hiding of business logic, security, performance improvement, re-usability. They support object-oriented programming features like function overloading and encapsulation. Using package variables one can declare session level (scoped) variables, since variables declared in the package specification have a session scope.
Views: 14599 radhikaravikumar
What is Default Constraint in SQL Server - SQL Server / TSQL Tutorial Part 90
 
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SQL Server / TSQL Tutorial Scenario: What is Default Constraint in SQL Server : Default Constraint inserts the default value into a column when you do not provide value for column. Let's understand by using below examples. Scenario: Let's say you need to create a dbo.Customer table with First Name, Last Name, Country Name and Region. If the user does not provide the values for Country Name and Region Columns you always want to insert Country Name='USA' and for Region='North America'. Link to scripts used in SQL Server / TSQL Tutorial Video http://www.techbrothersit.com/2016/05/what-is-default-constraint-in-sql.html Check out our website for Different SQL Server, MSBI tutorials and interview questions such as SQL Server Reporting Services(SSRS) Tutorial SQL Server Integration Services(SSIS) Tutorial SQL Server DBA Tutorial SQL Server / TSQL Tutorial ( Beginner to Advance) http://www.techbrothersit.com/
Views: 638 TechBrothersIT
Default Constraint
 
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SQL Server 2005 - Default Constraint Video
Views: 116 Disha Gambhir
SQL Null or Empty   How to Check for Null or Empty Column in SQL Server   SQL Training Online
 
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http://www.sqltrainingonline.com SQL Null or Empty - How to Check for Null or Empty Column in SQL Server - SQL Training Online You can download the sample table script at http://www.sqltrainingonline.com/how-to-filter-for-sql-null-or-empty-string/. In this video, I show you how to filter for a SQL null or empty string. It can be difficult to filter a null because you can't simply compare with an equal sign. You have to use a special IS NULL clause to make the filter work. I also show you how to combine both the SQL Null and Empty String together in a special trick with the isnull SQL Server function. I use SQL Server 2012 to demonstrate the technique. Let me know what you think by commenting or sharing on twitter, facebook, google+, etc. If you enjoy the video, please give it a like, comment, or subscribe to my channel. You can visit me at any of the following: SQL Training Online: http://www.sqltrainingonline.com Twitter: http://www.twitter.com/sql_by_joey Google+: https://plus.google.com/#100925239624117719658/posts LinkedIn: http://www.linkedin.com/in/joeyblue Facebook: http://www.facebook.com/sqltrainingonline
Views: 15041 Joey Blue
SelectTec | Aula Nº 16 | Alter table add - Oracle SQL Developer
 
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alter table add syntax: alter table nome_tabela add coluna tipo ;
Views: 2044 SelectTec